Millions of creditworthy people are neglected financially because they lack official credit scores that would allow them to be approved for bank loans.
What is the Importance of a Credit Score?
A credit score is a three-digit number that indicates how creditworthy you are. When you apply for a loan or a credit card, it’s the first thing lenders look at. It provides them an indication of whether you’ll be able to repay the loan on time or not. As a result, maintaining a decent credit score is critical. Making all your payments on schedule, monitoring your credit reports frequently, paying off existing credit card debt, and keeping your credit utilisation low below 30% can help you maintain your credit score.
Effects of late payments on CIBIL score
Credit score is a numerical representation of an assessment of a person’s ability to pay back debts based on his credit history. Lenders, particularly banks and financial institutions, use this score to assess a borrower’s creditworthiness. But one of the key elements of a good credit score is timely repayment by the individual. It’s likely that your credit will suffer if you don’t make your payments on time, and you won’t be authorised for new loans.
The Credit Rating and Information Bureau of India Ltd. (CIBIL) was created by the RBI and other financial institutions as a body to monitor credit transactions of private individuals and commercial organisations and to maintain a database of credit reports and scores.
Lenders can rapidly and affordably assess the risk profile of the borrowers by using technology like credit scores and credit information reports (CIR). Thanks to CIBIL, they now have a guarantee of responsibility and credit safety. It should be emphasised that CIBIL cannot independently alter someone’s credit score. A favourable report from a bank or other financial institution cannot have an impact on the CIBIL score of a borrower.
Your CIBIL ratings are lowered because of late loan and credit card payments, which adversely affects your future eligibility for loans and credit cards. Banks and financial organisations interpret poor CIBIL scores in the following ways:
CIBIL scores vary from 300 to 900, with 300 denoting the lowest and 900 denoting the greatest. Late repayment might result in a low CIBIL score. Loan approvals require a CIBIL score of 750 at the very least. Borrowers with a score of at least 750 are eligible for loans from several lenders, are guaranteed a quick and simple loan approval process, and are guaranteed that the loan money will be immediately deposited into the anticipated account. The opportunity for getting a loan, however, is smaller with a score between 600 and 749.
When deciding whether to approve a loan application, lenders may additionally consider additional factors such as the applicant’s expected monthly income, employment stability, and the quantity of open loans. A score between 300 and 599 further reduces the possibility of getting a loan approved. A lender may approve a loan against collateral with such scores, including gold, FDs, shares, and other assets. However, the loan acceptance typically comes with stringent conditions and guidelines, a tiny loan amount, and a high interest rate. Check your CIBIL Score to know where you stand.
Think about if debt repayment is likely: A history of on-time payments yields a high CIBIL score, which reassures potential lenders of your dependability and raises the chance that your loan application will be accepted. On the other hand, late payments lower the credit score and make lenders less likely to recover the loan.
It is difficult to improve a poor CIBIL score since defaults are taken for granted unless banks and other financial institutions disclose them and tell CIBIL otherwise. People must consistently make on-time repayments over an extended period in order to notice an improvement in their CIBIL score.
Loans that are not repaid on time or are paid late are subject to high penalty rates or extravagant late payment costs. Paying less than the minimum amount required or not paying the entire sum due on a credit card are also considered late payments of the outstanding balance. Banks often charge a hefty interest rate on any remaining debt on your credit card.
Even if you have a stellar history of paying on-time debt repayments in the past, a default could destroy all the goodwill you have accrued thus far and make it challenging for you to obtain a loan or credit card in the future.
In conclusion, the CIBIL score is a valuable tool that will continue to develop. However, relying solely on the standard CIBIL score-based assessment may not be enough for the lending business to reach the unbanked areas. In the next ten years, a straightforward default credit decision-making approach that combines both the legacy-based CIBIL score and the credit score based on digital data is anticipated to emerge.
If a person doesn’t have a CIBIL score, they can still access their propensity to repay by looking at their positive digital imprint, which can help them make better credit decisions.